Hasdeo, Eddwi H. and Frenzel, Alex J. and Song, Justin C.W., Cyclotron motion without magnetic field, New Journal of Physics 21, (2019)
Non-trivial Bloch band overlaps endow rich phenomena to a wide variety of quantum materials. The most prominent example is a transverse current in the absence of a magnetic field (i.e. the anomalous Hall effect). Here we show that, in addition to a dc Hall effect, anomalous Hall materials possess circulating currents and cyclotron motion without magnetic field. These are generated from the intricate wavefunction dynamics within the unit cell. Curiously, anomalous cyclotron motion exhibits an intrinsic decay in time (even in pristine materials) displaying a characteristic power law decay. This reveals an intrinsic dephasing similar to that of inhomogeneous broadening of spins. Circulating currents can manifest as the emission of circularly polarized light pulses in response to an incident linearly polarized (pulsed) electric field, and provide a direct means of interrogating a type of Zitterbewegung of quantum materials with broken time reversal symmetry.
Hasdeo, E.H. and Krisna, L.P.A. and Hanna, M.Y. and Gunara, B.E. and Hung, N.T. and Nugraha, A.R.T., Optimal band gap for improved thermoelectric performance of two-dimensional Dirac materials, Journal of Applied Physics 126, (2019)
© 2019 Author(s). Thermoelectric properties of two-dimensional (2D) Dirac materials are calculated within linearized Boltzmann transport theory and relaxation time approximation. We find that the gapless 2D Dirac material exhibits poorer thermoelectric performance than the gapped one. This fact arises due to the cancelation effect from electron-hole contributions to the transport quantities. Opening the bandgap lifts this cancelation effect. Furthermore, there exists an optimal bandgap for maximizing figure of merit (Z T) in the gapped 2D Dirac material. The optimal bandgap ranges from 6 k B T to 18 k B T, where k B is the Boltzmann constant and T is the operating temperature in kelvin. This result indicates the importance of having narrow gaps to achieve the best thermoelectrics in 2D systems. Larger maximum Z Ts can also be obtained by suppressing the lattice thermal conductivity. In the most ideal case where the lattice thermal conductivity is very small, the maximum Z T in the gapped 2D Dirac material can be many times the Z T of commercial thermoelectric materials.
Hasdeo, E.H. and Song, J.C.W., Long-Lived Domain Wall Plasmons in Gapped Bilayer Graphene, Nano Letters 17, (2017)
© 2017 American Chemical Society. Topological domain walls in dual-gated gapped bilayer graphene host edge states that are gate-tunable and valley polarized. Here we predict that plasmonic collective modes can propagate along these topological domain walls even at zero bulk density and possess a markedly different character from that of bulk plasmons. Strikingly, domain wall plasmons are extremely long-lived with plasmon lifetimes that can be orders of magnitude larger than the transport scattering time in the bulk at low temperatures. Importantly, long domain wall plasmon lifetimes persist even at room temperature with values up to a few picoseconds. Domain wall plasmons possess a rich phenomenology including plasmon oscillation over a wide range of frequencies (up to the mid-infrared), tunable subwavelength electromagnetic confinement lengths, as well as a valley polarization for forward/backward propagating modes. Its unusual features render them as a new tool for realizing low-dissipation plasmonics that transcend the restrictions of the bulk.
Hasdeo, E.H. and Nugraha, A.R.T. and Dresselhaus, M.S. and Saito, R., Fermi energy dependence of first- and second-order Raman spectra in graphene: Kohn anomaly and quantum interference effect, Physical Review B 94, (2016)
© 2016 American Physical Society. Intensities of the first- and the second-order Raman spectra are calculated as a function of the Fermi energy. We show that the Kohn anomaly effect, i.e., phonon frequency renormalization, in the first-order Raman spectra originates from the phonon renormalization by the interband electron-hole excitation, whereas in the second-order Raman spectra, a competition between the interband and intraband electron-hole excitations takes place. By this calculation, we confirm the presence of different dispersive behaviors of the Raman peak frequency as a function of the Fermi energy for the first- and the second-order Raman spectra, as observed in some previous experiments. Moreover, the calculated results of the Raman intensity sensitively depend on the Fermi energy for both the first- and the second-order Raman spectra, indicating the presence of the quantum interference effect. The electron-phonon matrix element plays an important role in the intensity increase (decrease) of the combination (overtone) phonon modes as a function of the Fermi energy.
Hasdeo, E.H. and Nugraha, A.R.T. and Dresselhaus, M.S. and Saito, R., Breit-Wigner-Fano line shapes in Raman spectra of graphene, Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 90, (2014)
© 2014 American Physical Society. Excitation of electron-hole pairs in the vicinity of the Dirac cone by the Coulomb interaction gives rise to an asymmetric Breit-Wigner-Fano line shape in the phonon Raman spectra in graphene. This asymmetric line shape appears due to the interference effect between the phonon spectra and the electron-hole pair excitation spectra. The calculated Breit-Wigner-Fano asymmetric factor 1/qBWF as a function of the Fermi energy shows a V-shaped curve with a minimum value at the charge neutrality point and gives good agreement with the experimental results.
Hasdeo, E.H. and Nugraha, A.R.T. and Sato, K. and Dresselhaus, M.S. and Saito, R., Electronic Raman scattering and the Fano resonance in metallic carbon nanotubes, Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 88, (2013)
The Fano resonance spectra for the G band in metallic carbon nanotubes are calculated as a function of laser excitation energy, in which the origin of the resonance is given by an interference between the continuous electronic Raman spectra and the discrete phonon spectra. We found that the second-order scattering process of the q≠0 electron-electron interaction is more relevant to the continuous spectra rather than the q=0 first-order process because the q=0 direct Coulomb interaction vanishes due to the symmetry of the two sublattices of a carbon nanotube. © 2013 American Physical Society.